Changes to drill pattern and adequate inter-row delay time improve blasting performance

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 96, No. 1071, 2003
P.H. Oliver
Abstract The current theory of how explosives fracture rock offers no explanation for the improvements in fragmentation and the reduction of fly rock and back break which occurs when an adequate inter-row delay time is used. Nor does it explain why fragmentation improves with rectangular drill patterns where the hole spacing may be as much as four times the hole burden. A new theory of rock fragmentation is proposed which builds on the existing theory. It offers rational explanations for the many blast effects which the current theory does not address and the need for adequate timing delays between rows. It improves on the design of inter-row delay timing by defining the length of free-blasted face needed in front of a hole when selecting the delay element which will provide an adequate inter-row delay time.
Keywords: Drill pattern, Blasting, Fragmentation, Fly rock, Back break, Inter-row delay time.

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