Health, safety, and mine environments research in the mining laboratories of CANMET, Natural Resources Canada

Abstract The Mining Laboratories of CANMET are the principal federal government vehicle for the delivery of mining research in Canada. With research being performed at five locations, which are mostly mining communities, the laboratories are in close proximity to the industry which they serve.
The Mining Laboratories have three principal roles: (1) to support government in its development of policy; (2) to aid industry in the enhancement of productivity; and (3) to improve the health and safety of Canadians, both in the workplace in mines and around abandoned mine sites.
From 1994 to 1996, CANMET’s mining research was re-focused into four programs. These are: (1) Underground Mine Environments; (2) Mine Mechanization and Automation; (3) Ground Control, and; (4) Coal Mining Health and Safety.
In this paper, the authors outline the work of the Mining Laboratories and also identify the areas considered to be primary targets for follow future mining health and safety research in Canada.
Keywords: Safety, Health, Environment.
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Summary: An experimental approach is used to characterize the vibroacoustic behaviour of percussion drill steel rods under real operating conditions and laboratory controlled conditions. A laboratory test fixture presenting representative boundary conditions is used. The relative contribution of longitudinal and flexural vibration to the noise generation is discussed. By comparing the laboratory and the in situ measurements, it is shown that the main noise source of percussion drill rods are the
flexu...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): C. Lesage, R. Oddo, Y. Champoux, N. Atalla
Keywords: Vibroacoustics, Noise control, Percussion drills.
Issue: 1010
Volume: 90
Year: 1997
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Summary: The legacy of abandoned mines in Canada creates issues that impact on both the health and safety of Canadians and the environment. Solutions to the problems of abandoned minesites require a detailed understanding of site conditions, the engineering solutions which may be relevant, and planning for effective use of the land.
In this paper, the authors outline the basic thrusts that have been developed at CANMET to address this problem. These include: multiprovincial agreements to develop a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): M.C. Bétournay, J.E. Udd CANMET
Keywords: Environment, Reclamation, Abandoned minesites, Caving, Databases, Minesite databases, Inactive Mines Project.
Issue: 1010
Volume: 90
Year: 1997
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Summary: Environmental risk is becoming more important in debt and equity financing decisions in the mining industry worldwide. Demonstration of good environmental management practices and management systems has a direct impact on the ability of mine developers, operators and investors to raise financing. Based on experience in providing due diligence services, there are a number of factors that are important in assessing financial risks related to environmental issues in either new projects or...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): MaryAnn E. Crichton, David G.C. Clarry
Keywords: Environmental management, Due diligence.
Issue: 1010
Volume: 90
Year: 1997
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Summary: The underground mining industry has adopted significant use of mill wastes (backfill) for underground support which has often required the introduction of consolidating agents such as Portland cement or other pozzolanic agents (such as blast furnace slags) to achieve improved cohesive backfill strength. Normal Portland cement, the principal agent material used in Canada for hydraulic fill consolidation, is currently available to mines in bulk quantities at costs as much as
$150/tonne.
This...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): E. De Souza, J.F. Archibald, D. DeGagne
Keywords: Environment, Glassfill, Waste glass materials, Backfill additives.
Issue: 1010
Volume: 90
Year: 1997
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Summary: The Syncrude open pit mine, located near Fort McMurray in northeastern Alberta, produces approximately 410 000 tonnes of oil sand feed daily, which, after undergoing a bitumen extraction phase, generates approximately 315 000 tonnes of tailings solids daily. The tailings are used to hydraulically construct containment dykes and supporting beaches of the storage facilities. Tailings deposition commenced in May 1978 with the commissioning of the Mildred Lake Settling Basin which is currently...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): B.R. List, E.R.F. Lord
Keywords: Environment, Open pit mining, Tailings management.
Issue: 1010
Volume: 90
Year: 1997
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