Determination of the strength of hard-rock mine pillars

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 90, No. 1014, 1997
P.J. Lunder, Royal Oak Mines, Timmins, Ontario R.C. Pakalnis, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
Abstract This paper presents the results of research that has been undertaken in order to develop an improved method of determining the strength of hard-rock mine pillars. Pillars are found in various shapes and sizes in all underground mining operations. Prudent engineering design requires that if pillars are to perform as desired, both the pillar strength and the pillar stress must be determined. A detailed pillar stability study has been combined with an extensive database of published pillar case histories (178) resulting in a new “hybrid” pillar strength formula, “The Confinement Formula”, that utilizes classic strength of rock methods combined with empirical methods. “The Confinement Formula” utilizes a “mine pillar friction term” calculated from the average minor/major stress ratio within
the pillar core. Statistically, the new formula provides better results at predicting pillar strength for the combined database than the best empirically fit pillar methods that currently exist. “The Confinement Formula” allows for the determination of the strength of mine pillars with an increased level of confidence over previously applied methods.
Keywords: Rock Mechanics, Hard-rock mine pillars, Pillar strength, Underground mining.
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