Controls on the Emplacement of Kimberlites and Alkalic Rock-carbonatite Complexes in the Canadian Shield and Surrounding Regions

Exploration & Mining Geology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1997




The Canadian Shield and its extensions are traversed by an orthogonal
system of northwest and northeast trending arch-style uplifts. These basement
arches were formed by repeated vertical movements along pre-existing structures
during compressional and extensional tectonism connected with events in
surrounding Proterozoic and Phanerozoic orogens and ocean basins. The arches
influenced patterns of sedimentation and tectonism in the intervening
epicratonic basins and marginal platforms throughout the Proterozoic and
Phanerozoic. Movements on the arch structures also triggered minor magmatism and
controlled the location and timing of alkalic rock carbonatite, kimberlite, and
related intrusions in the Canadian Shield, the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin,
and West Greenland.
Keywords: Canadian Shield, Uplifts, Basement arches, Techtonism, Magnetism
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