On-site evaluation of diesel contaminants produced by an electronically controlled diesel engine

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 87, No. 984, 1994
Michel Grenier, CANMET Mining Research Laboratories, Sudbury, Ontario, Mahendra Gangal, CANMET Canadian Explosive Atmospheres Laboratory, Ottawa, Ontario, Robert Scott, Detroit Diesel of Canada Ltd., London, Ontario, and Andrew Dasys, Environment and Mining Laboratory, Noranda Technology Centre, Pointe-Claire, Quebec
Abstract This research project which took place at Brunswick Mining and Smelting's Brunswick mine, was undertaken to assess the ability of new diesel engine technology to meet current and anticipated underground worker exposure limits to diesel exhaust contaminants. Concentrations of CO, CO2 NO, NO2 SO2 and respirable combustible dust (RCD) were measured in a remote mine area where a haulage truck was operating under simulated duty cycles. The 26 ton haulage truck was equipped with a 300 hp, electronically controlled engine. Fresh air was supplied to the area as per the MSHA certification document for this particular engine. Results showed that while the vehicle operated in a normal and realistic duty cycle, the concentrations of contaminants remained well below the ACGIH guidelines for the threshold limit values (TLV) for exposure. While operating at 63% of maximum horsepower (26 tons of ore in the dump), the time-weighted average exhaust gases concentrations (CO, CO2 NO, NO2 and SO2)never exceeded 15% of their respective TLVs. RCD concentrations in this instance were measured at 0.59 mg/m3 or 39.3% of the exposure limit suggested by the Canadian ad hoc Diesel Committee. The Air Quality Index was 1.55 or 52% of the maximum suggested value for exposure.
Keywords: Underground environment, Diesel emissions.
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