Characterization of fluxed pellets produced from low silica specular hematite

Abstract The influence of flux addition on the structure and properties of pellets produced from low silica specularite with peat moss and bentonite as binders was investigated. Specific pellets basicities in the range of 0.4 to 3.2 were obtained by the addition of limestone or a combination of dolomite and limestone as flux. At basicities < 1.6, the bonding in the pellets was provided by a glassy silicate phase. At basicities > 1.6, calcium ferrites were the predominant bonding phase. When dolomite was added as a flux, presence of magnesio-ferrite was noted. The reduction behaviour of pellets at different basicities was found to be influenced by the type afflux and binder. The pellet compression strength and swelling characteristics were improved with increased basicity.
Keywords: Pellets, Fluxed pellets, Hematite, Specularite, Binders, Peat moss.
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Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): H.K. Taylor
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: The Department of Finance introduced draft amendments to the resource allowance regulations on July 23, 1992 that effectively nullify the decision in the Gulf Canada Limited case. Prior to the amendments it appeared that only &quot;directly&quot; related general and administrative, capital cost allowance and scientific research expenditures had to be deducted from resource profits. Now ancillary expenditures are required to be deducted. Consequently, the ability of taxpayers to claim the...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Robert B. Parsons
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
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Summary: Preventative maintenance is a burden for equipment users but a demand from the machine suppliers to ensure performance. Machine availability depends on preventative maintenance being followed.
Mining equipment is becoming more and more sophisticated and productive, yet less and less time is available for preventative maintenance. Manufacturers invest in reducing costs, simplifying operating requirements, and lowering maintenance requirements, but it is the users who must invest more heavily...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): E. Nilsson, A. Ouellette
Keywords: Maintenance, Equipment.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: An often over-looked component in the assessed value of a mining property is the value derived from the ability of the operator to limit financial losses during adverse economic times (i.e. low market price, high energy prices, etc.) by suspending operations. Overlooking the value of this type of operating flexibility when conducting mine investment analysis may negatively bias the risk profile for the investment by over estimating the investment's downside potential, thereby effectively...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Lyle Kajner, Gordon Sparks
Keywords: Mineral economics, Investment Analysis, Operating flexibility.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: New developments in centrifugal slurry pump technology are discussed in relation to their importance for improving pump operation and reliability.
Experimental data obtained by measuring the velocity of liquid flows in a slurry pump casing using Laser Doppler Velocim-etry are presented. This demonstrates the importance of selecting pumps with the proper hydraulic design to provide optimum efficiency, maximum part life and minimum operating cost.
The paper also discusses the use of new wear...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): G.A. Davidson, P.G. Williams
Keywords: Technology, Slurry pumps, Wear rates.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: Equipment capable of higher production requires more sophisticated maintenance programs. Reduction in fleet size through use of modern technology requires higher utilization and greater availability.
Caterpillar's maintenance control system program will display the capabilities of computer technology in a maintenance environment. Utilizing such resources will provide increased availability, lower inventory requirements, fewer last minute disasters, and lower cost per ton for maintenance. High...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): L. Widdifield, V. Casaletto
Keywords: Maintenance programs, Computer technology.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
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Summary: This study investigated the psychrometric properties of ventilating air in OAL coal mines. Related measurements were done in underground openings and have been arranged as input data for computer programs prepared for ventilation network and psychrometric analysis.
Results obtained from network analysis have been used for psychrometric analysis of ventilating air. Changes in heat and moisture content of air in two major paths between entry and discharge of ventilating air have been investiga...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): U.Y. Onder, T. Guyaguler
Keywords: OAL Mines, Psychrometric analysis, Ventilation
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: The Maintenance Engineering Department at Carol Mining and Concentrating is currently in the process of introducing reliability concepts such as failure analysis, rework elimination, predictive maintenance, computerized maintenance history analysis, etc. to improve the over-all maintenance function in the mine and concentrator maintenance areas. Some current initiatives include:&bull; Implementation of an infrared thermographic scanning program.&bull; Ultrasonic inspection of shafts for all...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Leslie McHattie, Sadek E. El-Alfy
Keywords: Maintenance, Equipment.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: An Automatic Haulage Truck (AHT) has been developed for manless tramming of run-of-mine material in an operating mine. The AHT has a 70-ton capacity and uses an electric trolley system in combination with a computer control system to operate the vehicle. The purpose of the AHT was to provide a high capacity, high productivity material transfer system where conveyor belt applications are not immediately practical.
The AHT project was started in 1983 at Inco Limited, Ontario Division as a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): G.R. Baiden
Keywords: Equipment, Haulage, Truck haulage, Inco Limited, Electric trolley system, Materials transfer.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
Text
Summary: Responding to requests by the Canadian mining industry and the mine regulatory authorities, the Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET) undertook a major research project on evaluation of wire rope testing in 1986. The objectives were to document, analyze, and clarify &mdash; in basic operational terms &mdash; the reasons for ongoing mine shaft wire rope failures that occur despite mandatory non-destructive testing (NDT) with electromagnetic (EM) instruments on a routine...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): L.B. Geller, J.E Udd
Keywords: Mine shafts, Wire rope testing, Safety.
Issue: 964
Volume: 85
Year: 1992
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