Sedimentation characteristics of Cu-Ni mill tailings and thickener size estimation

Abstract This paper describes a study carried out to determine the behaviour of Cu-Ni mill tailings during natural and flocculated sedimentations. Settling rates were examined under various conditions through standard laboratory batch settling tests. Flocculation was found to improve the sedimentation process significantly, but its effectiveness depended on several factors such as the pulp density of feed, the type and dosage of flocculating reagent, the pH of pulp, the intensity of mixing floc-culant with tailings sand the use of stirring during compaction. It is shown that, for a sedimentation process taking place under given conditions, underflow pulp density (P) and sedimentation time (t) are related by the expression P = k. t", where k and n are constants. A procedure is described for the use of this expression in thickener size estimations.
Keywords: Mineral processing, Tailings, Sedimentation, Flocculation, Agglomeration, Thickeners.
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Summary: Modem signal and power electronics made adjustable-speed AC drives technically feasible and reliable and economically attractive. Cycloconverters are discussed as a proven technology for mine hoists.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): G. HAUSEN, H. MICKA
Keywords: Hoisting, Technology, Electronics, AC drives, Motors, Mine hoists, GTOs.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: This paper reports on a CANMET-funded examination of less conventional underground coal mining methods. These methods are documented and those that show the most promise for application to western Canadian conditions are discussed in detail.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): IAN R. MUIRHEAD, RICHARD J. KOLADA
Keywords: Underground mining, Coal mining, Mining methods, Technology development.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: It is generally felt that flow-through shares face a bleak future under the set of tax rules proposed in the federal government's tax reform white paper. Industry and government circles are beginning to give thought to alternatives to flow-through as a mechanism for facilitating equity financing in the exploration industry. Despite suggestions that grants and tax credits may someday be on the table, industry is sticking to its position that there is no substitute for flow-through.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): ROBERT B. PARSONS
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: Many ores are upgraded to produce auriferous sulphide concentrates (principally pyrite) which are not amenable to direct cyanidation. Often these refractory gold-bearing concentrates contain undesirable elements such as arsenic, antimony, etc., which present environmental and/or processing problems. The pretreatment techniques most often considered for processing these concentrates prior to cyanidation include roasting, pressure oxidation, chemical oxidation, pre-aeration, and recently,...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): S.R. GILBERT, C.O. BOUNDS, R.R. ICE
Keywords: Bacterial oxidation, Economics, Gold, Pyrite, Refractory ore, Tailings, Biotechnology, Leaching, Roasting
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: During 1973 to 1978, Canadaka Mines Limited, a subsidiary of St. Joseph Explorations Ltd., undertook an extensive exploration and development program in the Cobalt area. This program resulted in the delineation of previously unknown stratigraphic units in the Archean volcanic sequence. During this time period, significant ore controls related to area silver deposits were also identified.
The Archean geology is comprised of a volcanic pile conformably overlain by sediments. The volcanics...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): R.S. NICHOLS
Keywords: Exploration, Development, Mineralization, Archean geology, Cobalt, Canadaka Mines Limited, Silver ore controls.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: The Atlantis-II-Deep is a stratified metalliferous deposit located along the median valley of the Red Sea at a "water depth of about 2200m. The metal-bearing mud contains sulphides of zinc, copper and iron with significant amounts of silver, gold and cobalt. A variety of oxide, siliceous and carbonaceous gangue material is also present. Long sediment cores indicate that the thickness of the deposit may reach 25 m, but the average kriged thickness of metal-rich sediments is about 11...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): MEHMET GUNEY, MUHAMMAD A. AL-MARHOUN, ZUHAIR A. NAWAB
Keywords: Geostatistics, Atlantis-II-Deep, Red Sea, Mineral resources, Sedimentary deposits, Ore reserve estimation, Exploration, Offshore mining.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: Comparative tests of the conventional Turam survey configuration and an alternative configuration called the Tx-parallel configuration were conducted at the McClean uranium deposit in northern Saskatchewan. Both configurations detected the known conductors at the site but the alternative configuration demonstrated its particular effectiveness in the reconnaissance role. This effectiveness results from the fact that the length of Tx-parallel traverses is controlled only by the length of the...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): K. DUCKWORTH
Keywords: Exploration, Turam method, Electromagnetic prospecting, Prospecting, Uranium deposits, McClean deposits, Geophysics, Surveying, Drilling.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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Summary: The Isle aux Morts Prospect is the first polymetallic, sulphide mineralization reported from the Port aux Basques Complex of southwest Newfoundland. Zn-Pb-Cu-Ba-Ag mineralization hosted by quartz-muscovite semipelite, occurs at the contact between a quartzofeldspathic unit and pelitic unit with intercalated amphibolite. Ore minerals comprise sphalerite-galena-chalcopyrite, in order of decreasing abundance. The principal gangue minerals are quartz, muscovite, feldspar and barite. Three...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): P.P. O'NEILL, D.F. STRONG
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Sulphide mineralization, Isle aux Morts Prospect, Geochemistry, Ore mineralogy, Mineralogy, Petrology, Ore discoveries.
Issue: 910
Volume: 81
Year: 1988
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