The release of vanadium from Athabasca oil sands cokes by leaching techniques

Abstract The release of vanadium, iron, nickel and titanium from the cokes produced in the upgrading of Alberta oil sands bitumen has been assessed for simple chemical leaching processes. Flex-icoker coke (Exxon Engineering and Research) has been found to be quite amenable to the recovery of vanadium as well as nickel, iron and some titanium by these techniques, whereas fluid coker coke (Syncrude) and delayed coker coke (Great Canadian Oil Sands) are relatively intractable under the mild conditions employed. The factors affecting the extent of vanadium release are discussed in terms of the surface area accessible, the wettability of the material, and the chemical and physical composition of the coke particles in each case.A novel biologically assisted heap leaching procedure for flexicoker coke is also described, based on the growth of the chemolithotrophic bacteria, Thiobacillus thiooxidans A TCC 8085, on elemental sulphur added to the coke.
Keywords: Vanadium, Oil sands cokes, Athabasca oil sands, Leaching, Mineral processing, Cokes, Flexicoking, Heap leaching.
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Summary: Data from a standardized procedure for measuring methane desorption rates from samples of Western Canadian coals gave a good correlation (0.994) with the percentage of fines (-0.6 mm) found in the corresponding run-of-mine coal. The correlation was independent of the mining method and the top size of the samples. It is suggested that both methane desorption rate and the production of fine coal sizes are functions of the fissuration of the coal being mined.This relationship, in conjunction...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): M.W. MIKHAIL, T.H. PATCHING
Keywords: Coal processing, Size degradation, Bituminous coal, Western Canada, Methane desorption, Fissuration, Friability, Grin-dability.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: Over the last 10 years, C-I-L has played a significant role in the major advances that have taken place in blasting technology, among them the following: development and introduction of cap-sensitive slurries;development of bulk slurry systems both for underground and open-pit operations;development   of the   TOE-DET and ANODET systems of delay blasting; introduction of the NONEL system of initiation;development of the Vertical Crater Retreat (VCR) system of mining.This...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): WM. L GIACHINO
Keywords: Blasting, Metal mining, Slurry systems, Delay blasting, Initiation systems, Vertical Crater Retreat mining, Explosives.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: Stricter pollution regulations together with other factors have stimulated interest in the modernization of the traditional sinter - blast-furnace lead operation. In this context, direct smelting methods have again come into prominence. Consequently, the Kivcet Lead Smelting Process, which belongs to this group, has attracted the attention of the lead producers of the world.The Kivcet Process offers the advantage that lead and zinc can be simultaneously recovered in a single furnace unit. KHD...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): KIRAN B. CHAUDHURI, MICHAEL KOCH, JORG LEMA RATING
Keywords: Pyrometallurgy, Non-ferrous pyrometallurgy, Lead smelting, Kivcet process, Direct smelting, Zinc recovery, Charge preparation, Smelting costs.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: La distribution des Aliments majeurs dans une sequence de roches volcaniques felsiques, la formation de Waconichi, au sud de Chibougamau, indique que les roches pyroclastiques du secteur ouest de ce segment sont chimiquement anormales si on les compare a la composition moyenne des roches volcaniques de Chibougamau: elles sont caracterisees par une teneur anormalement elevee en fer, en magnesium et en potassium et une teneur anormalement basse en sodium et en calcium; ce chimisme caracterise...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): ANDRE GOBEIL
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: The Geophysics/Geochemistry Section of the Ontario Geological Survey initiated an aerial geophysical survey in the James Bay Lowlands, Cretaceous Basin area, District of Cochrane, Ontario. The survey was contracted to Scintrex Limited and was carried out in 1978. Approximately 8000 line kilometres of airborne electromagnetic and magnetic data were recorded.The Tridem airborne electromagnetic system was employed, mounted in a twin-engined PBY Canso aircraft. This specific Tridem system uses a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): D.H. PITCHER, R.B. BARLOW
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Exploration techniques, Tridem system, Airborne conductivity mapping, Conductivity, Lignite exploration, Geophysical exploration, Electromagnetic surveying, James Bay Lowlands, Moose River Basin, Onakawana area.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: Originally developed for use in mineral exploration, regional geochemical mapping based on stream (and lake) sediment sampling is showing broader application in other areas of the earth sciences and in environmental science. The purpose of this paper is to focus attention on the role of regional geochemical mapping in relation to geological and environmental studies. This is achieved using a descriptive equation for the chemical composition of a stream-sediment sample and then relating it to...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): J.A.C. FORTESCUE, I. THOMSON, R.B. BARLOW
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Exploration techniques, Geochemical exploration, Environmental control, Stream sediments, Lake sediments, Chromium, Zinc. Molybdenum, Lead, Nickel.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: The ore microscope and electron microprobe, two common instruments for academic research, have not been used to full advantage in the Canadian mining industry, perhaps because they are not readily available to most mining companies.The present paper gives a description of the two instruments and of the manner in which, when used together, they contribute to the identification and description of mineralogical and metallurgical samples, and reviews the applications, to date, in the mineral...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): CLAUDIA GASPARRINI
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Exploration techniques, Metallurgical sampling, Microscopy, Ore microscope, Electron microprobe, Uranium, Nickel, Platinum group, Gold, Silver, Sulphosalts, Iron, Mercury.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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Summary: This paper is based on work carried out to examine the feasibility of increasing the smelting rate of two oil-fired calcine-charged reverberatory furnaces. Various constraints prevented physical enlargement of the furnaces and so attention turned to the use of preheated combustion air or oxygen enrichment to bring about the required increase in production. As a basis for further calculation, a furnace heat balance is determined using the smelting metallurgy and combustion data for the current...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): M.G. BURGHER, J.G. EACOTT, M.A.T. COCQUEREL
Keywords: Pyrometallurgy, Non-ferrous pyrometallurgy, Copper smelting, Reverberatory furnaces, Heat balances, Oxygen enrichment, Slag technology, Air preheat, Energy utilization.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
Text
Summary: In order to determine its capabilities and to aid in the interpretation of field results, a scale model study and field tests were carried out on the Crone borehole pulse electromagnetic (PEM) system. The model results indicate that if a borehole passes in the vicinity of a tabular conductive body, the system will not only detect the presence of the body, but will also return information as to its conductivity-thickness product, size, attitude and position.The effect of variation of these...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): DENNIS V. WOODS, J. DUNCAN CRONE
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Exploration techniques, Borehole surveys, Electromagnetic systems, PEM systems, Geophysical exploration, Scale modelling, Drilling.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
Text
Summary: The Boliden Lead Kaldo Plant for the treatment of lead-bearing flue-dust from the Copper Smelter and the Slag Fuming Plant has been in operation at the Ronnskar Works of Boliden Metall since the middle of 1976. At the present stage, the plant can treat lead-bearing dust of different kinds and compositions. The process allows good separation of arsenic and halogens from lead.The flue dust from the Copper Smelter and the Slag Fuming Plant is very complex and, apart from lead, also contains...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): PER-LENNART NYSTEDT
Keywords: Pyrometallurgy, Non-ferrous pyrometallurgy, Boliden lead plant, Kaldo plant. Flue dust, Slag fuming, Copper smelting, Lead smelting, Dust treatment, Ventilation.
Issue: 817
Volume: 73
Year: 1980
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