Geology of the Sustut Copper Deposit In B.C.

Abstract The Sustut Copper deposit, 230 miles northwest of Prince George, B.C., was discovered in August of 1971. Subsequent exploration has included 56,417 feet of surface diamond drilling in 139 holes. The deposit occurs in gently dipping volcanic rocks of the Upper Triassic Takla Group, which outcrops as rugged mountains.
The general Mesozoic sequence comprises some 20,000 feet of green and red basaltic to andesitic rocks. The Lower Formation is characterized by subaqueous basalt, andesite and augite porphyry flows with interbedded breccias. They were rapidly deposited in tectonic depressions of limited extent and steep gradients. Fades changes are abundant. The Middle Formation consists of volcaniclastic rocks made up of fragments from the underlying formation. Two cycles are discernible, both with basal turbiditic, tuf-faceous sandstone and shale units overlain by massive, volcanic conglomerates exhibiting graded and cross bedding. A broader, shallower-water basin is indicated. The top of the uppermost unit was subaerially deposited. The Upper Formation is a variable sequence of volcanic sedimentary rocks. Detritus was supplied from a wide source area and included multiple reworked fragments of the lower formations and material from other rock groups known in the region. Zeolite fades metamorphism is recognized throughout the entire sequence. Epidote is particularly abundant in the Middle Formation, demonstrating the results of metasomatism.
The mineralized zone is approximately concordant with the strata over 100-200 feet of the Middle Formation succession. It lies just below the zone of transition from subaqueous to subaerial deposition in the top unit. Hematite, chalcocite, pyrite, bornite, chalcopyrite and native copper are disseminated throughout all sizes of lithic fragments and matrix. Concentration into the specific zone is believed, to be due to upward leaching of copper during low-grade metamorphic and metasomitic reaction. Precipitation occurred in the zone of hydration characterized by prehnite-pumpellyite below the oxidized subaerial rocks.
Keywords: Sustut, Copper, British Columbia, Exploration, Volcanic succession, Folding, Faulting, Alteration, Strata-bound deposits, Ore genesis.
Full Access to Technical Paper
PDF version for $20.00
Search
Sort By:  Relevance
Showing results 1 - 10
Text
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Carol A. Pilon
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: This paper provides a rough outline of economic expectations for the near future and then goes on to discuss their effect on the expected demand for metals, using zinc, copper, nickel and aluminum as detailed examples.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): A. G. B. Hayes, C. L. Renzoni
Keywords: Mineral economics, Metal markets, Markets, Zinc, Copper, Nickel, Aluminum, Production.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: The consistent relationship between the availability of electrical energy and our economic well-being is well known. As we develop the energy we need to nurture industrial civilization in decades ahead, we will at the same time reduce our reliance on dwindling supplies of oil and gas. Coal and uranium will be developed as our major fuel sources to meet medium-term energy needs, followed by fusion and solar energy for the long term.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): George Wilkinson
Keywords: Electricity, Energy, Nuclear energy, Fuels, Coal, Oil, Natural gas, Heat pumps, CANDU reactors, Westinghouse Canada.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: Sherritt has been applying hydraulic drives to concentrator equipment since 1967. The initial application was made on a bank of 5- by 5-in. slurry pumps. This has now been extended to all slurry pumps requiring less than 40 hp and several conveyors which require variable-speed or low-speed/high-torque characteristics. The pump motors are directly connected through a flexible coupling, whereas the conveyor systems are directly mounted onto the head-pulley shaft extension.
The different...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): L. H. Smith, D. S. Taylor
Keywords: Hydraulic drives, Maintenance, Concentrators, Slurry pumps, Conveyors, Ruttan Mine, Lynn Lake Mine, Fox Mine, Sherritt Gordon Mines Limited.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: Currently installed analogue instrumentation devices at Sherritt's Ruttan Concentrator control and/or measure mill tonnages, grind, pH, density, some reagent and slurry flows, and cell levels. On-stream analysis is used to assay the main process streams. The history of development of process control is reviewed from startup to the present stage of selection of a process control computer. A pragmatic approach has been taken to process control to ensure compatibility with the needs and...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): G. M. Hughes, R. W. Dunn
Keywords: Process control, Computers, Sherritt Gordon Mines Ltd., Ruttan concentrator, Concentrators, Crushing, Grinding, Flotation, Dewatering.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: Measurement and control systems in minerals processing plants are usually well thought out and designed. The criteria and design parameters have been interpreted correctly.
However, these systems often fail to perform, satisfactorily or break down altogether as a result of in-plant conditions which are unpredictable and over which the instrument systems designer has no direct control. The foresight necessary to anticipate the problems and allow for them in the systems design can only be...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): G. M. Behrend
Keywords: Plant engineering, Maintenance, Installation, Mineral processing plants, Control systems, Flow measurements, Weight measurements, Level measurements, Temperature measurements.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: The basic intention of this paper is to present, from a practical viewpoint, a thorough outline of all the sound and accepted principles connected with attaining satisfactory rope performance from multi-rope friction winders.
In order to emphasize the importance of some aspects of rope maintenance, a limited amount of hoist rope theory has been included, as it is felt that without this, some of the more critical, but nevertheless practical, aspects would perhaps pass without full appreciation...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): George Delorme
Keywords: Maintenance, Rope maintenance, Friction hoists, Hoist ropes, Balance ropes, Guide ropes, Rope handling.
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: Over the past five years, tax rates in the Canadian mining industry have skyrocketed upward across Canada, as both federal and provincial governments have sought to increase their share of mining revenues.
However, the past few years have not only brought high tax rates to the industry, but also a number of important new federal and provincial tax incentives.
In large part, these incentives — special credits or reduction in tax for carrying out specific exploration, processing or other...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): R. D. Brown
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: The Cargill phosphate deposit, located 32 kilometers southwest of Kapuskasing, Ontario, was discovered by the Resource Development Group of International Minerals & Chemical Corporation in 1975 and has been evaluated through an extensive program of 190 drill holes, numerous chemical analyses, metallurgical tests, and engineering and economic studies.
The Cargill alkalic complex, comprising principally carbonatite and pyroxenite-amphibolite rocks, was intruded into the rift system, of the...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): George Erdosh
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Text
Summary: Des quartzites ires purs ont ete decouverts au cours de la cartographic de la region du lac des Martres, etape de I'etude geologique de la region de Charlevoix.
On distingue quatre groupes metasedimentaires, lous contenant des niveaux de quartzite dans au mains deux domaines geologiques differents, c'est a I'ouest, dans le do-maine gneisso-charnockitique que se situent les quartzites du groupe des Martres. Quartzite et gneiss a grenat et sillimanite, en banes epais, constituent la formation...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Jehan Rondot, Raymond Marieau
Keywords: Silice, Charlevoix, Quartzites, La Galette, Géologie économique, Malbaie, Minéraux industriels
Issue: 777
Volume: 70
Year: 1977
Powered by Coveo Enterprise Search