Copper Refining: Anode Furnace Operation

THE chief uses for copper are as a conductor of electricity and as the chief component in brasses and bronzes. For such uses, the copper must be of very high purity. H the impurities are zinc, iron, lead, arsenic, or antimony, they can be removed to a great extent by fire-refining . if, however, gold, silver, nickel, or cobalt are present, electrolytic refining is necessary. Electrolytic refining must be preceded by fire-refining and hence all impure copper must be fire-refined.
Keywords: anode, copper, furnace, oxygen, slag, copper, Furnaces, metals, Oil, Oils, Oxygen, Pressure, Slags
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