Notes on the Operation of the Basic Copper (and Copper-Nickel) Converter

CIM Bulletin1942
ANTON GRONNINGSATER; PETER R. DRUMMOND
AS we know, Sir Henry Bessemer introduced Bessemer converting in the steel industry about 1855. It was not until twenty years later that the principles were adopted by non-ferrous metallurgists. In 1880, Manhes first produced blister copper from matte in a converter, a very important forward step in copper metallurgy.
Keywords: Air, Converters, flux, magnetite, reverberatory furnace, silica, slag, Heat, Magnetite, Operation, Silica, Slag, Slags, sulphide, Temperature
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