Notes on the Operation of the Basic Copper (and Copper-Nickel) Converter

AS we know, Sir Henry Bessemer introduced Bessemer converting in the steel industry about 1855. It was not until twenty years later that the principles were adopted by non-ferrous metallurgists. In 1880, Manhes first produced blister copper from matte in a converter, a very important forward step in copper metallurgy.
Keywords: Air, Converters, flux, magnetite, reverberatory furnace, silica, slag, Heat, Magnetite, Operation, Silica, Slag, Slags, sulphide, Temperature
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