TIME–TEMPERATURE–TRANSFORMATION (TTT) DIAGRAM OF CAUSTIC CALCINED MAGNESIA
The dependence between the extent of conversion of cryptocrystalline magnesite to caustic magnesia was studied experimentally in the temperature range of 400–1200 °C and for calcination times up to 8 h. A TGA–DTA analysis showed that decomposition begins at temperatures as low as 340 °C and is completed at 600 °C. Measurements of specific surface area (SSA), iodine adsorption number (IN), crystallite size, and loss on ignition were carried out to characterize the product quality. It was found that while all the parameters are dependent on the extent of calcination, densification of the product caused by grain coarsening affects their final values. As a consequence, SSA and IN went through a maximum with time. The study showed that high quality caustic calcined magnesia can be produced in a narrow range of temperature (600–650 °C) and time (1–4 h). Medium quality caustic calcined magnesia can be made within a wider range of parameters.
Calcination; Temperature; Magnesite; Magnesia; Caustic calcined magnesia; quality; Decomposition; Materials; analysis;