THREE-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL ROCK DAMAGE ANALYSES UNDER BLASTING LOAD
In this study, the behaviour of rock mass subjected to blasting load is investigated using threedimensional finite difference numerical modelling. In the analyses, Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion has been used for the characterisation of the rock mass strength. Stresses acting on the borehole boundary have been simulated by an exponential function which reaches its maximum within a short time and then falls to zero value in a considerable time period. The strain rate effect on the mechanical properties of rock material has also been taken into account in the analyses. Four different explosive-rock mass combinations have been studied to investigate blast induced damage zone. It has been observed that proposed equation for the dynamic compressive strength of rock material fits very well to general suggestions. Results have shown that blast damage analysis model recommended with this study is successful.
Rocks; Rock; Pressure; Explosives; Boreholes; Materials; Models; Model; Strength; Strain;