Social indicators for mining in Ancash, Peru: combining community objectives, technical considerations and community relations insight to design a practical framework.

CIM Vancouver 2010
Malcolm Scoble,
Abstract In mining projects in the Peruvian Andes, the social license to operate has proven particularly critical to successful mine development. Mitigating social impacts and enhancing benefits, including the design, and implementation of effective community development and community relations (CR/CD) strategies is integral to acquiring a social license to operate. Well designed indicators guide the selection and monitoring of successful CR/CD strategies, as well as assisting the company-community and CR/CD-management communiation essential to their development.

Clarifying community values and objectives are critical initial steps in developing meaningful social indicators for a mining company. However, community objectives vary over space and time and the extent of mine responsibility / interest in social outcomes depends on specific social impact/risk pathways, as well as on considerations of stakeholder influence and dependency. From the perspective of a community relations practitioner, this paper applies the results of collaborative research carried out in mine-affected communities in Ancash, Peru with IDRC funding in partnership with The Mountain Institute and a network of local NGOs to the task of designing practical social indicators for mining companies. It presents a structured indicator framework and discusses the cost, measurability, understandability, and operationality of the indicators for CR/CD functions.
Keywords: Participatory, Community relations, Indicators, Mining, community development
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