Basic Characteristics of Wenchuan Earthquake and Its Geological Hazard Effects

Rock Engineering 2009 - Rock Engineering in Difficult Conditions
yun jie Wei, lian jin Tao, wen pei Wang,
Abstract Seismic areas were in the eastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet plain, whose structures were complicated, mainly composed of Maowen fault, Yingxiu fault and Pengxian-guanxian fault. The rapid rise of the Qinghai-Tibet plain led the crustal material of the eastern edge to move to the southeast along the faults on a large scale since the late Cenozoic; Minshan block structure and Long Men Mountain tectonic zone represented the strong nappe thrust movement as the east boundary of Chuanqing slip block; the stress was accumulating when squeezed, which to a certain extent resulted in breakdown of the crust, and earthquakes. The shock speed, high-energy accumulation, and the reversed dextrorotation of the earthquake fault characteristics et al. happened, which caused the development of secondary geological disastersts. According to on-site investigation, the typical geological disasters had thrust rock collapse, the instability deposit, the revival of potential debris flow et al. , whose genetic model had been analysed.
Keywords: Geological disasters, Thrust collapse, Debris flow, Wenchuan earthquake, Instability talus
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