Different Methodologies of Evaluating Disintegration Under Reduction of DR Pellets
CIM Montreal 2007
Eider Dutra Mendonça, Rogerio Tales S. Carneiro, Paulo Freitas Nogueira,
Every year the conventional direct reduction processes – Midrex and HYL III – increased their market share in the world steel production, even though they are only economically feasible in countries where natural gas is available at competitive prices.
In this context, the new Midrex projects are based on large reactors (Megamod - 1.5 to 1.8 Mt/y of DRI), reduction temperatures of the metallic burden up to 850oC, with bustle gas temperatures between 960oC e 1050oC. Thus, the requirements of metallic burden performance, as well as the evaluating methods, usually based on ISO standards, need to be reviewed. It is well known that the standards usually applied to quality evaluation do not reflect the performance of metallic burden inside the reactors.
This paper describes the different methods of evaluating the disintegration under reduction of DR pellets based on ISO 11257 standard. This is the most important method used by pellet producers and customers for evaluating DR feedstocks.
The different methodologies tested to evaluate the disintegration under reduction had varying results, evidencing the relevance of the method and the quality of the pellet. Nevertheless, validating the method in an industrial reactor is still fundamental.
Pellets, Evaluating, Disintegration, Methodologies, DR, Reduction