Strength Development and Characteristics of Sodium Silicate-fortified Sand Pastefill :The Effect of Binder Content, Sodium Silicate Concentration, and Pulp Density

9th International Symposium on Mining with Backfill
Ferri Hassani,
Abstract This investigation is part an overall investigation on the effect of sodium silicate on the properties of the mine backfill. The results presented will highlight the effects of binder dosage, sodium silicate concentration, and pulp density on the performance of stabilized sodium silicate-fortified sand pastefill samples. Binders implemented for these experiments consisted of cement, slag, and sodium silicate in various proportions. The binder content varied from 3 to 9 wt% (total dry weight) and sodium silicate concentrations was adjusted at 2 and 4% (total binder weight). Moreover, pulp density was adjusted to values between 80 and 83 wt%. For completion of the aforementioned phase of the study, series of sand pastefill test samples were prepared and cured for 28, 56, or 120 days, in a humidity and temperature controlled room. The specimens were tested for uniaxial compressive strength (UCS). In order to study the effect of sodium silicate on microstructures and mineralogy of stabilized sand pastefill, some MIP and SEM-EDS investigations were conducted on selected samples. The results of this investigation evaluate the use of sodium silicate as a partial replacement of cement in stabilized backfill. The analyses of the results demonstrates that, with an increase in binder content and a decrease in pulp density, the UCS values of sand pastefill samples increase. Further more, the results indicate that increase in addition of sodium silicate does not necessarily result in higher strength minefill.
Keywords: Mercury Intrusion Porosimetery, scanning electron microscopy, Sodium silicate, Strength Devalopment, Sand pastefill, Binder Content, Pulp density
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