GREEN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT: A FUTURE NEED FOR MINING AND MINERAL INDUSTRY
A supply chain encompasses all the activities associated with the flow and transformation of goods from the raw materials stage(extraction), through to the end user. Supply chain management (SCM) is the integration of these activities through improved supply chain relationship, to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage and it rests on its ability to provide the right goods and services when and where needed. The supply chain is the vital component of any company’s value chain which links the operating processes to its supplier and customer. The globalization of business promises to offer new and unique challenges for the supply chain competencies of most firms. Challenges will also increase in the environmental aspects of supply chain often referred to as ‘Green Issues’. The supply chain of mining industry comprises of the flow of material and information from the mine site, to processing and loading for transport, to the customer. However, due to recent changing environmental requirements affecting mining and mineral processing operations, increasing attention is given to developing environmental management (EM) strategies for the mineral supply chain. This paper focuses on:
• Environmental factors leading to the development of an extended environmental supply chain,
• Additional challenges presented by the extension,
• Performance measures appropriate for the extended supply chain,
• Developing a general procedure towards achieving and maintaining the green supply chain.
Mining, Green Supply Chain