Recent Closure Data Re-writes the Chapter on Load Transfer Around Mine Openings in Deep Potash Mines
Historical closure data has provided a description of the stress distribution patterns occurring around mine openings and enabled the development of a time - distance plot predicting the location of the stress peak and its migration away from mine openings with time. Data collected from active mining areas during the 1970's and 1980's indicated the peak appeared to stabilize approximately 135m (450 ft.) from openings after four years. The region of high load and accompanying poor ground conditions in which the peak was centred was spread over approximately 45m (150 ft.) to 60m (200 ft.). Recent data from new development headings cut adjacent to 25 year old extraction areas suggests load transfer takes place over a much greater distance and time frame than predicted.
A. Dave Mackintosh