Rare Earth Elements, Uses and Applications
Catalysts
  1. Petroleum refining
  2. Chemical processing
  3. Catalytic converters
  4. Diesel additives
  5. Industrial pollution scrubbers
Ceramics
  1. Capacitors
  2. Colorants
  3. Sensors
  4. Scintillators
Electronics
  1. Cathode ray tubes (CRT)
  2. Compact fluorescent lamps
  3. Communication systems
  4. Display phosphors
  5. Electronic counter-measures
  6. Fibre optics
  7. Global positioning satellite (GPS)
  8. Guidance systems
  9. Lasers
  10. Liquid crystal display (LCD )
  11. Medical imaging phosphors
  12. Optical temperature sensors
  13. Plasma display panel
  14. Smart phones
Glass
  1. Colour display
  2. Camera lens
  3. Optical glass
  4. Polishing compounds
  5. Thermal control mirrors
  6. UV resistant glass
  7. X-ray imaging
Magnets
  1. Actuators
  2. Anti-lock brake system
  3. Automotive parts
  4. Communication systems
  5. Disc drives & disk drive motors
  6. Electric drive & propulsion
  7. Frictionless bearings
  8. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  9. Magnetic storage disk
  10. Magnetic refrigeration
  11. Magnetostrictive alloys
  12. Magneto-optic recording technologies
  13. Microphones & speakers (signal amplification)
  14. Microwave power tubes
  15. Motors (hybrid vehicles)
  16. Power generation (wind turbines)
  17. Vibration
Metal Alloys
  1. Aircraft parts and jet engines
  2. Aluminum/Magnesium
  3. Cast iron
  4. Fuel cells
  5. Hydrogen storage
  6. Lighter flints
  7. Nickel Metal Hydride batteries
  8. Steel
  9. Super alloys
Other
  1. Coatings
  2. Fertilizer
  3. Medical tracers
  4. Neutron radiotherapy
  5. Nuclear control rods
  6. Pigments
  7. Rechargeable batteries
  8. Water treatment

About US

WELCOME to the Canadian Rare Earth Elements Network, or CREEN. The CREEN website is hosted by the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (CIM). The purpose of this website is to act as an information clearinghouse for research, development and demonstration projects involving rare earth elements.

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Mines to Markets

REE Updates

It takes a remarkable amount of time, money and energy to find minerals, develop deposits, attract investors, perfect mineral processing and metallurgical flow sheets, build mines, extract the raw materials and eventually bring products – be they mineral or metal – to market.

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Global Use of REE's

Global Use of REEs, 2010

Over the course of twenty years, when global production of REE became concentrated in China, science unlocked the unique characteristics of these minerals by demonstrating their invaluable use in high technology products, electronics miniaturization and energy efficiency applications.

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Global REE Production

Global REE Production

China's dominance in the international rare earth supply chain is a result of decades of market forces and changing global economics that saw resource production and many manufacturing activities move from high cost to lower cost regions.

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