Interactive tools for learning basic geostatistical concepts

CIM Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2014
A. Vervoort
Department of Civil Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
A. Govaerts
formerly Department of Civil Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Les étudiants, même ceux qui ont de fortes connaissances mathématiques, ont souvent de la difficulté à comprendre les concepts de la géostatistique. L’un des principaux problèmes est la relation entre la variation des valeurs des paramètres dans l’espace ou le temps et le semi-variogramme expérimental calculé. Un autre défi est de différencier entre les semi-variogrammes directionnels et omnidirectionnels et leur interprétation. Des outils interactifs ont donc été développés; ils sont basés sur le logiciel libre R dans le domaine public. L’utilisation de ces outils interactifs est limitée à des situations éducatives (c.-à-d. pour visualiser les concepts de base). Les modules interactifs sont disponibles au : www.bwk.kuleuven.be/geostatistics.
Mots clés : Géostatistique, outils éducatifs, semi-variogramme, krigeage, logiciel R du domaine public
Résumé Les étudiants, même ceux qui ont de fortes connaissances mathématiques, ont souvent de la difficulté à comprendre les concepts de la géostatistique. L’un des principaux problèmes est la relation entre la variation des valeurs des paramètres dans l’espace ou le temps et le semi-variogramme expérimental calculé. Un autre défi est de différencier entre les semi-variogrammes directionnels et omnidirectionnels et leur interprétation. Des outils interactifs ont donc été développés; ils sont basés sur le logiciel libre R dans le domaine public. L’utilisation de ces outils interactifs est limitée à des situations éducatives (c.-à-d. pour visualiser les concepts de base). Les modules interactifs sont disponibles au : www.bwk.kuleuven.be/geostatistics.
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