Overview of the Dragon Lake Uranium Prospect, Maybelle River Area Northeastern Alberta, Canada

Abstract The Dragon Lake Zone (uranium prospect) comprises a N160º trending vein that is approximately 110 m long, up to 5 m wide and from 1 to 40 m high. The zone is mostly within altered sandstone of the Fair Point Formation, the basal unit of the Paleoproterozoic Athabasca Group, but it also extends downward (up to 3.5 m) into basement rocks that occupy the northerly trending Maybelle River Shear Zone (MRSZ). This subvertical shear zone separates graphitic paragneiss and weakly deformed granitoid rocks to the east from non-graphitic paragneiss and foliated granitoid rocks to the west. The Dragon Lake Zone cuts across both the MRSZ and N060º–N070º-trending cross-faults that offset the shear zone but not the mineralized vein, which contains values up to 54.5% U over 50 cm core length. Strong chloritization occurs in graphitic paragneiss and sandstone adjacent to mineralization. Silica was depleted from the basement rocks and redeposited at the borders of the 5-15-m-wide alteration zone, as well as within overlying sandstone of the Manitou Falls Formation. There are minimal alteration effects in the overlying Lazenby Lake Formation. Geochemistry shows that the alteration zone in the Fair Point Formation is highly anomalous in metals, most notably in Ni, As, U, Pb, Co, and B. Clay within this zone is illitic and Fe-rich chlorite is also present. Brittle deformation is not as widespread or as well developed in the Fair Point Formation as it is in the overlying Manitou Falls Formation, which is extensively brecciated and contains some anomalous metal values.
Keywords: uranium, unconformity, Alberta, Maybelle River, Dragon Lake, Athabasca
Résumé La zone de Dragon Lake (indice d'uranium) consiste en une veine de direction N160 d'environ 110m de longueur, jusqu'à 5 m de largeur et de 1 à 40 m de hauteur. La zone est principalement contenue dans les grès altérés de la Formation de Fair Point, l'unité de base du Groupe d'Athabasca d’âge Paléoprotérozoïque, mais elle s'étend également vers le bas (jusqu'à 3,5 m) dans les roches du socle situées dans la zone de cisaillement de Maybelle River ZcMr) de direction nord. Cette zone de cisaillement sub-verticale sépare des paragneiss graphiteux et des roches granitiques faiblement déformés situés à l'est de paragneiss non-graphiteux et de roches granitiques foliées à l'ouest. La zone de Dragon Lake recoupe la ZcMr ainsi qu’une série de failles transversales de direction N060 ° – N070 ° qui recoupent et déplacent la zone de cisaillement, mais pas la veine minéralisée, laquelle contient des teneurs atteignant 54,5% U sur 50 cm de longueur en forage. Une forte chloritisation est présente dans les paragneiss graphiteux et les grès adjacents à la minéralisation. La silice a été lessivée des roches du socle et redéposée en périphérie de la zone d'altération de 5- 15 m de largeur, ainsi que dans les grès sus-jacents de la Formation de Manitou Falls. L'altération affecte peu la Formation sus-jacente de Lazenby Lake. La géochimie montre que la zone d'altération dans la Formation de Fair Point est fortement anomale en métaux, particulièrement en Ni, As, U, Pb, Co et B. L’argile dans cette zone est principalement de l’illite, bien que de la chlorite ferrifère soit également présente. La déformation cassante dans la formation Fair Point n'est pas aussi étendue ou aussi bien développée que dans la Formation de sus-jacente de Manitou Falls, laquelle est largement bréchifiée et contient des valeurs anomales en or.
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Summary: We use the results of new bedrock mapping, combined with geochemical point data and airborne radiometric data (in particular equivalent uranium concentrations) to help determine which geological units in the Paleoproterozoic Great Bear magmatic zone (GBmz) contain elevated uranium. The data collectively indicate that the highest primary uranium concentrations are in equigranular granites and subvolcanic/volcanic porphyries. Notably, these rocks host the majority of known uranium-bearing...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): LUKE OOTES, JEFF HARRIS, VALERIE A. JACKSON, BRONWYN AZAR, AND LOUISE CORRIVEAU
Keywords: Wopmay orogen, Great Bear magmatic zone, bedrock geochemistry, IOCG, unconformityrelated uranium
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: A 10-cm thick clay-rich layer near the top of the Manitou Falls Formation of the Athabasca Group is unusual in its breccia texture, alteration, and detrital mineral composition relative to the adjacent overlying and underlying sedimentary beds. This layer is composed of angular quartz grains set in an illite >> kaolinite + dickite matrix. Deformed clay-rich fragments within the layer have very similar mineral assemblages. The presence of euhedral accessory minerals including Ti-oxides and...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): JEANNE B. PERCIVAL, SEAN A. BOSMAN, ERIC G. POTTER, PAUL RAMAEKERS, KATHERINE E. VENANCE, PAT A. HUNT, WILLIAM DAVIS, AND CHARLES W. JEFFERSON
Keywords: microbreccia, hydrothermal alteration, hydraulic fracturing, uranium mineralization
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: The nature and distribution of radiation-induced defects (RIDs) in quartz from the Maw Zone, a yttrium- and rare-earth-element-enriched sandstone breccia complex exhibiting intense hydrothermal alteration, have been investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. EPR spectra show that detrital quartz in sandstone, from five diamond drill holes intersecting the Maw Zone and one above the crest of the so-called Quartzite Ridge, contain only background-level RIDs, indicating...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): YUANMING PAN, GARY YEO, BRETT ROGERS, CHRISTINE AUSTMAN, AND BAOQUAN HU
Keywords: quartz EPR, radiation-induced defects, hydrothermal alteration, uranium exploration, Athabasca Basin
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: The use of CR-39 plastic polymer as a solid state nuclear track detector in the textural analysis of radioactive minerals in geological samples was first described by I.R Basham in 1981. CR-39 autoradiographs provide a detailed, high-resolution image of the in situ distribution of the radioactive minerals within geological samples on both the macroscopic and microscopic scales. This technique is an inexpensive and effective means of obtaining detailed textural information that provides...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): G.W. SPARKES
Keywords: uranium, CR-39, autoradiograph, Labrador, uraninite
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: The U-Th-REE mineralization at Fraser Lakes Zone B is hosted by granitic pegmatites and leucogranites, which lie along the deformed contact between Paleoproterozoic metasedimentary gneiss of the Wollaston Group and Archean orthogneiss, approximately 25 km from the southeastern edge of the Athabasca Basin. The pegmatites/leucogranites are subcordant to concordant with the regional foliation and are concentrated within a northeast-plunging antiformal fold nose, the study area, which lies west...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): CHRISTINE L. MCKECHNIE, IRVINE R. ANNESLEY , AND KEVIN M. ANSDELL
Keywords: U-rich pegmatites, Th-REE-rich pegmatites, Fraser Lakes Zone B, Wollaston Domain, Athabasca Basin, U metallogeny
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: A new method for mapping faults within basement rocks underlying the Thelon Formation and glacial overburden was developed and tested in the Aberdeen Sub-basin. This method utilizes newly acquired aeromagnetic data, the Blakely algorithm for defining magnetic source edges, a calculated dip-direction map, a digital elevation model (DEM) derived from the Canadian Digital Elevation Database, and the positions of identified, inferred and newly mapped faults that are within and adjacent to this...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): VICKI TSCHIRHART, BILL MORRIS, AND CHARLES JEFFERSON
Keywords: faults, uranium, Thelon Basin, source edge detection, lineament analysis
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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Summary: Lac Cinquante is a mineralogically simple, vein-hosted uranium deposit in Archean basement rocks (Angikuni greenstone belt) that originally were unconformably overlain by Proterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Baker Lake Group (BLG). Basement rocks are mainly pillowed and massive tholeiitic lavas (N-MORB) with interbedded tuff; overlying sedimentary rocks comprise a basal talus/fault breccia that grades upward into fluvial sedimentary rocks and subaerial, trachytic volcanic rocks;...
Publication: Exploration & Mining Geology
Author(s): N.J. BRIDGE, N.R. BANERJEE, S. PEHRSSON, M. FAYEK, C.S. FINNIGAN, J. WARD, AND A. BERRY
Keywords: NW Hearne, Archean basement, Baker Lake Group, Angikuni subbasin, vein-hosted uranium, graphite
Issue: 1
Volume: 21
Year: 2013
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