The safety imperative—transforming the workplace to protect people

Abstract Safety conditions in industry have greatly improved over time. However, around the world, in Canada, and in each province or territory, people are still the victims of serious industrial accidents. The increasing safety of people at work then continues to be an imperative in industry today.
So how do we achieve a workplace where no one gets hurt? Well, in simple terms, folks need to be protected from unplanned exposures to equipment or energy sources that can do harm. If you think about it, all of our efforts in loss management and safety should then be directed toward avoiding these uncontrolled events. And it works! Our safety performance over the years has enjoyed tremendous improvement due to this support for loss management and safety. We now explore best practices toward achieving that next step in safety improvement.
As shown following, a large combination of loss management activities act together to support safety performance. Many of these activities are interrelated and some people have described them as the “inputs” into an approach or program for achieving safety. Using this description, it follows that the “outputs” of the program are some of the advertised measures of safety we see around us today, such as injury frequency rates.
It is asserted that a leadership focus to regularly measure safety and loss management activites (so-called “inputs”), as a basis for taking supportive actions to ensure their effectiveness, is the basis for safety results (so-called “outputs”) that consistently achieve high standards of excellence.
The concept of managing input activities, as enabled by effective measurements, can significantly act to transform our focus and priorities in the workplace. Supporting input activities like strategies, plans, or procedures with our best efforts will get us to our intended goals. Tracking outputs alone will not.
Safety and production have traditionally been cast as competing objectives. When both objectives are mutually supported and considered, however, people will invent ways of doing work that support both safety and production, and any other business parameter. When done right, innovation through meaningful involvement of affected people in the workplace will support safety excellence in a manner that in turn improves business efficiency overall.
For a workplace to be safe, it then requires everyone’s help and participation to make it happen, a collaborative effort by management, leaders, and frontline folks with the power and responsibility to take appropriate action at every level in the organization. In this way, everyone becomes a leader in safety.
The achievement of commitment to loss management input activities by folks in the workplace is the basis for attaining safety excellence. A workplace founded on commitment supports a safety culture with a vision for safe work performance at outstanding or world-class levels of achievement.
One may ask if injury incidents will be eliminated with this commitment and focus on workplace safety? Well, despite our best efforts in this area, there is never a guarantee that things can’t go wrong. We are simply not perfect. There remains in our workplace complexities and unanticipated risks that can have disastrous consequences if not managed at every moment. And when it goes wrong, we need to know we’ve truly tried our best, and now we have more to learn so we can get even better.
That’s the challenge represented by the safety imperative, a challenge to take safety performance that next step, a fulfillment of our commitment to the moral obligation we have to each other’s safety. It’s an effort that will continually raise the bar of world-class safety performance achievement for future generations. It’s a legacy we can be proud to be part of.
Keywords: The safety imperative, Loss management, Risk management,Workplace safety, Safety leadership
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Summary: During the past fifteen years, block caving mines have experienced huge changes in design, planning, and administration. These changes have allowed operators to drastically reduce costs, improve equipment productivity, and improve overall business performance. Because of this, the block/panel caving mining system is challenging actual open pit operations to maximize the Net Present Value (NPV) of the business. The main improvements are mine design, mine planning, and mine management.
These...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): S. Fuentes S., J. Cáceres S.
Keywords: Block caving method, Cost savings, Productivity growth, Underground mining
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: In Turkey, the growing demand for lignite has resulted in increased lignite production and an emphasis on improving underground recovery. This has resulted in gradual improvements in mining methods and recoveries, and the extraction of remnant pillars in mines prior to their abandonment to maximize the resource recovery. Extracting these safety pillars presents a special hazard to mine employees and the stability of the mine. Often subjected to high stresses, the behaviour of these pillars...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): C.O. Aksoy, H. Kose, E. Yalcin, K. Heasley, C. Mark
Keywords: Safety pillars, Underground recovery, Numerical modelling, LAMODEL
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: The effects of whole body vibration (WBV) on equipment operators have historically gone unnoticed as a major occupational health and safety concern. Recently, however, research has shown that WBV can have a serious effect on the human body, causing both physiological and psychological health problems.
Early studies carried out on light and heavy haul trucks as well as earth movers showed that all vehicles exceeded ISO 2631 guidelines for vibration exposure, and that vibration levels from...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): J. Berezan, T.G. Joseph, V. del Valle
Keywords: Vibration, Heavy hauler, Operator health, Onboard system
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: A strong corporate commitment to safety and sound engineering practices have resulted in dramatic improvements to the safety record at the Quinsam mine of Quinsam Coal Corporation (QCC), wholly owned by Hillsborough Resources Inc. of Vancouver. Quinsam coal mine is about 25 km west of Campbell River on the east coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Using continuous miners in a fully mechanized retreat room-and-pillar operation, it produces low sulphur, super compliance thermal coal for...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): K. Galovich, P. Krivokuca
Keywords: Quinsam coal mine, Safety practices, Occupational Health and Safety Committee, Room-and-pillar mining
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: The copper price traded in the London Metal Exchange is a key factor for mining companies and for defining macroeconomic policies of producing countries like Chile. In this paper, the authors first review several methods currently used to forecast commodity prices, based on econometrics or statistics, in particular, time series analysis. The authors then propose an alternative methodology centred on geostatistical techniques such as co-kriging, lognormal kriging, and conditional simulations....
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): X. Emery, A. Cabañas
Keywords: Time series analysis, Kriging, Conditional simulations, Multivariate geostatistics
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: One of the major problems associated with the casting of aluminum alloys is the formation of gas porosity. Aluminum and its alloys are very susceptible to hydrogen absorption. Since solubility is much lower in solid state than liquid state, hydrogen atoms leave their position during solidification, and, by combining together, form hydrogen molecules. These micrometer scale cavities, called microporosity, cause the deterioration of mechanical properties, particularly strength, ductility,...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): S.G. Shabestari, P. Mokarian, S. Saeidinia
Keywords: Rotary degassing, Aluminum alloy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Efficiency increase
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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Summary: Introduction
Off-highway dump trucks are the basic haulage equipment used in most of open pit mines. Since haulage cost may account for up to 50% of the operational cost and up to 25% of a total cost, it is crucial to minimize it. Effectiveness of the equipment employed then becomes a key factor for the mine.
One of the most reliable and realistic methods to optimize shovel-truck systems is the queuing theory. It considers a random character of truck cycle time and associated costs. This...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): D. Komljenovic, J. Paraszczak, K. Fytas
Keywords: Queuing theory, Mining trucks, Shovel, Truck fleet sizing, Open pit
Issue: 1082
Volume: 97
Year: 2004
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