The St. Lawrence deposit, Seeley’s Bay, SE Ontario - A major wollastonite skarn in the Frontenac Terrane

Abstract The St. Lawrence deposit is a large wollastonite skarn (ca. 9 Mt @ 41.3% wollastonite) adjoining the gabbroic-to-syenitic Leo Lake pluton in the granulite facies Frontenac Terrane of the Grenvillian Central Metasedimentary Belt. It occurs within a horseshoe-shaped horizon of quartzite, open to the east. The skarn extends over 1.2 km2, and comprises wollastonite-dominant, wollastonite-clinopyroxene, and diverse quartz-feldspar-sulphide
(-titanite) layers, interbanded with, and strongly folded within, the quartzite. As in the world-class wollastonite deposits of the Willsboro district, New York, no carbonate protolith is preserved, and calcite is a negligible constituent of the mineralized zones. Wollastonite development is nonetheless ascribed to metasomatism of a metacarbonate unit by magmatogene, silica-rich, CO2-poor (XCO2 40% but locally exceeding 80%, of translucent, white, tabular wollastonite grains, with lengths of 0.2 cm to 5 cm, have been delimited by drilling. Preliminary beneficiation studies yield high aspect-ratio and high-purity (low Fe and Mn) concentrates.
St. Lawrence compares favourably to other known prospects and operating wollastonite deposits: having good chemical and physical properties, low iron content, and high aspect ratios (>20:1). In addition, the deposit has a favourable size and location, and will benefit from a low Canadian dollar. Canada currently has no wollastonite production.
Keywords: Skarn, St. Lawrence deposit, Beneficiation, Wollastonite, Industrial minerals.

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Summary: Aqueous slurries of fine particle size calcium carbonate are used in a diverse range of end-use products. In many cases, the end-use performance is governed by the fineness of the particle size distribution. In turn, the maximum fineness of the particle size distribution is primarily determined by the efficiency of the dispersants used during the production process. Here, we report the sodium polyacrylate mediated dispersion of calcite and kaolin. Firstly, we report a colloid chemical...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): J.S. Phipps, D.R. Skuse
Keywords: Calcium carbonate, Calcite, Dispersion, Dispersant, Polyacrylate, Stabilization, Fine particle size.
Issue: 1070
Volume: 96
Year: 2003
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Summary: Potassium is one of the three basic plant nutrients along with nitrogen and phosphorus. There is no substitute for potassium compounds in agriculture; they are essential to maintain and expand food production.
Potash is extracted from buried ancient evaporites by underground or solution mining. This accounts for most of the potassium produced. Another important source is brine from land-locked water bodies, such as the Dead Sea, Salar de Atacama or Great Salt Lake. About 95% of potash...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): C.F. Perucca
Issue: 1070
Volume: 96
Year: 2003
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Summary: A strain-softening constitutive relationship is introduced that describes the post-failure stress-strain curve for rock regardless of whether the rock is intact or broken. The core of this relationship is an “apparent friction” concept that relates the post-failure apparent cohesive and frictional characteristics of the rock to the strain. The relationship can be determined for a given rock via a series of tri-axial strength tests establishing the peak strength and corresponding strain for a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): T.G. Joseph, K. Barron
Keywords: Failure, Friction, Coal, Rock mechanics, Stress-strain curve.
Issue: 1070
Volume: 96
Year: 2003
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Summary: Fires due to self-heating of coal have been a real problem since the beginning of mining. In order to minimize the harmful effect of fires caused by spontaneous combustion (sponcom), the tendency of coal for sponcom should be analyzed in detail. This paper presents the results of such research, which had two objectives: firstly, to determine the spontaneous combustion characteristics of lignites of all underground (u/g) mines of Turkish Coal Enterprises (TKÍ) in the laboratory; and secondly,...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): T. Guyaguler, C. Karpuz, S. Bagci
Keywords: Spontaneous combustion, Mine fires, Crossing-point temperature, Adiabatic oxidation, Turkish lignites.
Issue: 1070
Volume: 96
Year: 2003
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