Ignition of sulphide dust clouds by explosives

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 86, No. 967, 1993
P.D. Katsabanis, Department of Mining Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, and Q. Liu, CANMET, Mining Research Laboratories, Experimental Mine, Val d'Or, Quebec,
Abstract Experiments on the ignition of sulphide dust clouds by explosives have been conducted in a 1 m3 explosion chamber. The explosives tested are ANFO, emulsion, aluminized emulsion and Detasheet. By controlling the composition of the ANFO and the emulsion explosive the oxygen balance could be changed in order to identify the dominant factors in the ignition of sulphide dust clouds by explosives. Experimental results, combined with theoretical calculations, show that the temperature of the detonation products is the most important parameter in the ignition of the dust cloud while the combustible detonation products are of secondary importance in the case of non-aluminized mining explosives. In the case of aluminized explosives and explosives having very negative oxygen balance the ignition of the dust cloud is assisted by the large amount of combustible detonation products.
Keywords: Sulphide dust, Explosives, ANFO.
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