The Global Approach To Mineral Problems — A Scramble For Market Share

Abstract Commodity agreements, trade liberalization, producer cartels, the New International Economic Order, price stabilization and access to supply are buzz words of the day. The international concern and dialogue on these concepts, often by a new breed of politically motivated experts, have generated intense interest in seeking an international solution to natural resource problems. While this momentum was maintained during the past year, the growing incidence of protectionist actions by several major nations has been eroding confidence in the global approach. The seriousness of current difficulties has created an urgent need for decisive action. At the same time, the limitations of the global approach have become more evident.
Keywords: Mineral production, Markets, Copper, Zinc, Lead, Aluminum, Nickel, Iron ore, Asbestos, Trade.
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Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Richard E. J. Putman
Keywords: Energy conservation, Power demand, Load shedding, Boilers, Steam, Heating.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): D. Hodouin, M. A. Berube, M. D. Everell
Keywords: Modelling, Simulation, Grinding circuits, Mineral processing, Hydrocyclones, Cyclones, Classifiers, Ball mills, Mathematical simulation.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: New developments in drilling, blasting and explosives in both open-pit and underground mining operations are discussed, as well as novel surface blasting techniques such as are used in tar sand mining.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Alan Bauer
Keywords: Drilling, Blasting, Open-pit mining, Underground mining, Explosives, Bench blasts, Cratering, Tar sand mining.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: After a brief review of the various hydrocarbon storage methods currently being utilized and statistics on underground hydrocarbon storage, this paper will briefly describe the technology involved in solution mining salt to create caverns of engineered shape and size and briefly discuss the economical and environmental advantages of hydrocarbon storage in solution-mined salt caverns. Other possible uses of salt caverns will be mentioned.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): L. T. Pasiechnyk
Keywords: Solution mining, Salt caverns, Cavern storage, Underground storage, Storage, Hydrocarbons, Drilling.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: Based on improved methods of collection and analysis of geotechnical data, slope angles have been steepened in some mines of the Iron Ore Company of Canada at Schefferville, Quebec. This paper describes the slope design case history for Fleming No. 3 mine and illustrates the application of modern techniques. The new design has resulted in significant financial savings due to a reduction in required waste stripping.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): O.P. Garg, J.W. Devon
Keywords: Open-pit operations, Pit slopes, Schefferville, Iron Ore Company of Canada, Fleming Mine, Joint analysis, Slope analysis, Hoek, Morgenstern-Price, Geotechnical data.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: An adequate level of R & D is crucial to achieve gains in productivity and to strengthen Canada's position in an increasingly competitive world.So stated Finance Minister Jean Chretien in his April 10, 1978 budget speech, on announcing a new measure designed to increase the productivity of Canadian industry and to assist in the creation of new technology. The effect of the new measure, which permits an income tax deduction of 150% of certain research and development (R & D) expenditur...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): R. D. Brown
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: To increase drill fleet capacity and meet increased ore demands at its Carol Lake Project, the Iron Ore Company of Canada initiated a program in 1975 to convert the Gardner-Denver 120 and Bucyrus-Erie 60-R rotary drill fleet from 12 1/4-inch-diameter multi-pass drilling to 15-inch-diameter single-pass drilling. This paper will examine briefly the conversion program, including some tests and results, and examine how the utilization of the 15-inch-diameter blast-holes, coordinated by a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): M. H. Pelley
Keywords: Open-pit mining, Drilling, Blasting, Iron Ore Company of Canada, Carol Lake, Bits, Explosives, Powder factors, Rotary drills.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: Since start-up in 1972, many circuit problems have been encountered, most of which were related to the abundance of fines (-28 mesh), which the circuit had not been designed to treat. The major problems associated with the original circuit included excessive loss of magnetite, reduced throughput during periods of a high proportion of fine coal in the plant feed and low yield in the fine coal circuit.This paper outlines the coal processing circuit at Fording Coal Limited as it exists today,...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Al Gagnon
Keywords: Coal processing, Fording Coal Limited, Stacking, Reclaiming, Cyclones, Heavy-media cyclones, Dryers.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: A graphical method has been developed for the evaluation of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Act Noise Exposure Index and the Equivalent Continuous Sound Level. The method makes use of a noise survey form and a mechanical integrator with two sliders, and is less tedious and susceptible to error than alternative methods.The graphical method is adaptable to various codes for noise exposure and may be used with any instrument that measures noise level. One example of its application to a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): M. Savich
Keywords: Noise exposure, Sound levels, Safety, Health, Standards, Underground mining, Crushers.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: Previously reported work on total oxidative leaching of chalcopyrite concentrates has shown that high copper extractions are obtained at 210°C and 0.4 MPa oxygen pressure. A simple integrated flowsheet using pressure leaching, solution treatment involving precipitation with a calcium base, and electrowinning to produce wire-bar-quality copper is described. Reagent and energy requirements developed from this work indicate that the process could be attractive for small operations where a...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): K. N. Subramanian, A. J. Oliver, J. A. Thomas, E. Krause
Keywords: Hydrometallurgy, Copper processing, Leaching, Pressure leaching, Precipitation, Electrowinning, Oxidative leaching, Chlorination, Extractive metallurgy.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: In several European countries, including Russia, it has become economically attractive to utilize peat as a fuel for power generation, the production of metallurgical coke, the production of fuel briquettes for the domestic market and low-Btu gas. Although the economic base and availability of energy supplies in Europe is much different than it is in Canada, regional economics here may warrant the development of peat as an alternative source of energy.Canadian peatlands cover several...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): T. E. Tibbetts, J. A. Fraser
Keywords: Peat, Energy, Fuel resources, Vacuum mining, Hydraulic mining, Combustion, Surface deposits.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
Text
Summary: Whereas the ultimate world supply of energy minerals — defined as fossil fuels and fissile materials — is controlled by geological factors, the actual supply at any particular time is controlled by economic feasibility, technological innovations and/or political decisions. This paper identifies and discusses the principal uncertainties surrounding the international availability of energy minerals from now until the end of the century. A brief comparison is also made between energy...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): N. A. White
Keywords: Minerals, Energy, Mineral economics, Fossil fuels, Fuel resources, Fissile materials, Economic growth, Petroleum, Natural gas, Coal, Nuclear power, Uranium, Investment, Financing, OECD.
Issue: 797
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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