Ontario's experimental plant for resource recovery

Abstract As part of the Ministry of the Environment's Resource Recovery Program, the Province of Ontario has constructed a $13 million "Experimental Plant for Resource Recovery" in Metropolitan Toronto. The technology and unit operations involved in the processing of municipal solid wastes at a rate of 40 tons per hour at this facility are reviewed. Shredding, air separation and classification, screening, magnetic separation and composting are some of the operations featured at this plant. Recoverable commodities expected include paper, ferrous metals, an air-classified light fraction (shredded paper and film plastic), glass and compost. Existing and potential markets for these materials are discussed.
Keywords: Industrial minerals, Resource recovery, Ontario, Waste management, Land use, Energy, Environmental control.
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Summary: The current status of the international zinc market is summarized, and a supply/demand outlook is presented for the next five years. A number of technical problems facing the industry are outlined.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): H. M. Lewis
Keywords: Zinc, Markets, Research, Production, Consumption.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: New underground mining technology is evolving through the use of large-diameter boreholes containing individually restricted charge weights.
This article presents summary observations on cube-root scaling trials using single and rows of charge blasting in sand and in frozen ground. These observations have some bearing on the evolving underground practice, especially where charges of appropriate geometry are used.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Robert R. MacLachlan
Keywords: Blasting, Cratering, Explosives, AN/FO, Slurries, Overburden, Underground mining.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: The ten-year case history of La Societe Quebecoise d'Exploration Miniere (SOQUEM) is reviewed under the headings of the company's raison d'etre, objectives, policies, structure and final goal. A brief analysis of its past operations is presented: aborted efforts, findings and developments. A projection is made of the future earnings, in terms of estimated present value, of its three main discoveries — Louvem, Niobec and Selim.
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Come Carbonneau
Keywords: Exploration geology, SOQUEM, Louvem, Niobec, Selim, Joint ventures, Productivity.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: The mine and concentrator of Cyprus Anvil Mining Corporation are situated in south-central Yukon, some 120 miles north of Whitehorse.
The large lead-zinc concentrator employs conventional crushing and grinding, followed by differential flotation, to produce selective lead and zinc concentrates, as well as a mixed lead-zinc (bulk) concentrate.
Since the commencement of operations in 1969, the concentrator has undergone expansions and modifications which have increased the capacity to 10,000...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): W. N. Wallinger
Keywords: Cyprus Anvil mine, Milling, Crushing, Grinding, Concentrators, Classifying, Scavenging, Roughing, Thickening.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: A popular rule in the mining industry is that a property should only be developed if average unit production cost is less than a given proportion of the estimated long-run price of the mineral. This paper provides a comparative analysis of the average cost approach (ACA) with the use of net present value (NPV) as an investment criterion.
It is concluded that the ACA is an easily understood and easily applied rule of thumb which may serve as a rough first screening device, for example in the...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Bernhard Schwab, Herbert D. Drechsler
Keywords: Mineral economics, Economic evaluations, Mining projects, Costs, Net present value, Investments, Exploration, Development.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: In the spring of 1977, Revenue Canada announced its intention to proceed in 1978 with a plan to impute a taxable benefit on interest-free and low-interest loans provided to employees. Such loan arrangements are often an important aspect of the compensation packages provided by many companies to their employees.
Since the original announcement, there have been many submissions to Revenue Canada opposing this change, and the Finance Minister has now brought down a compromise solution with the...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): R. D. Brown
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: Statistics Canada records indicate that in recent years 70 to 80% of the entire Canadian coal production originated from Western Canadian mines, in which about 55 to 65% of the coals are bituminous. Until recently, less than 20% of the latter were extracted by underground methods, the remainder being surface-mined. However, it is estimated that within the foreseeable future up to 80 or 90% will have to be gained by underground techniques. Although Western Canadian coal resources are considera...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): H. Harzer, L. B. Geller
Keywords: Coal mining, Hydraulic coal mining, Germany, Underground mining, Hydromechanics, Quintette deposit, Saxon deposit, Elk River deposit, Hosmer-Wheeler deposit, Fording River deposit, Gregg River deposit.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: The availability of mineral aggregates for construction purposes is rapidly declining through inadequate resource planning, restrictive zoning and legislation, and competing land uses. The Geological Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources has undertaken to provide aggregate inventory reports for all townships designated under The Pits and Quarries Control Act, 1971, and eventually for all townships in heavily populated areas. The reports contain maps and recommendations for...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): W. R. Cowan
Keywords: Industrial minerals, Aggregates, Mineral aggregates, Ontario, Quaternary geology, Surficial geology, Pleistocene geology, Till, Sand, Gravel.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: The copper-zinc orebody at Sherritt Gordon's Ruttan Mine occurs in a structurally complex area of the Rusty Lake greenstone belt in northern Manitoba. Problems in interpreting drill results indicated a large deviation, and the structural complexity an erratic deviation, of drill holes. This was confirmed when a surface hole was intersected 420 feet to the left of line on the 800 level.
This problem acted as a catalyst in promoting a search for a suitable down-hole survey method. The instrumen...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): D. S. Speakman, I. M. Plummet
Keywords: Drilling, Sherritt Gordon, Ruttan mine, Surveying, ABEM, Fotobor, Dip indicators, Data analysis.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: Early detection of spontaneous combustion is of utmost importance in underground coal mining to prevent major disruptions of production and to ensure a safer working environment. This paper presents the work done in developing a suitable system for the early detection of heating in a hydraulic coal mine.
Laboratory studies on the products of oxidation for Balmer 10 seam coal showed that a significant amount of carbon monoxide is produced during the early stages of heating and that detection...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): R. N. Chakravorty, K. K. Feng
Keywords: Coal mining, Hydraulic coal mining, Spontaneous combustion, Carbon monoxide, Monitoring systems, Kaiser Resources Ltd., Ventilation, Infra-red scanners, Heating.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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Summary: A DIGHEM survey was flown in the Belford-Montcalm Township area of Ontario in November 1975. This 600-line-mile survey resulted in the detection of 134 EM anomalies. The Montcalm Township copper-nickel discovery yielded a single-line anomaly having a conductance of 154 mhos. This anomaly was highly visible because (a) it had the highest conductance in the survey area, (b) it correlated with a 175-gamma thumbprint-shaped magnetic anomaly and (c) it was isolated from long conductive bands.
The...
Publication: CIM Bulletin
Author(s): Douglas C. Fraser
Keywords: Exploration geophysics. Geophysical exploration, Montcalm Township deposit. Electromagnetic surveys, Induced polarization surveys, DIGHEM, Copper, Nickel.
Issue: 789
Volume: 71
Year: 1978
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