Cadmium Extraction from the Ores of the Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co.

Over-all recovery of cadmium has been increased at the plants of the Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co., Limited, since the construction of a slag fuming plant and baghouse where smelter flue dust is recovered. This paper outlines the distribution of the cadmium in plant products from the concentrator to the refining department. The leaching of cadmium-bearing precipitates from the zinc plant is also discussed. This consists of a two-stage leach; first with sulphuric acid and then with copper sulphate. Details of the leaches are outlined along with the safety measures practised in handling the hydrogen and arsine evolved. The paper describes the final preparation of electrolyte for the refining cells by purification for copper and thallium. Deposition of cadmium, using a polyacrylamide as an addition agent, is discussed. An outline is given of t he melting procedures, under either sodium hydroxide or zinc chloride, and of the subsequent treatment of the dross to recover entrained cadmium and t hallium.
Keywords: Cadmium, Cadmium Leaching Presses, copper, sulphuric acid, Thalliumpurified, zinc, copper, metals, Plants, Sheet, Thallium, zinc
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