Submarine Coal Mining at Nanaimo, Vancouver Island, British Columbia

IN the first half of the nineteenth century, the only authority on the Pacific coast between the Columbia river and Alaska was exercised by the Hudson's Bay Company, who had established a series of forts and trading stations on the coast from the Columbia north to Millbank sound. The Hudson's Bay Company were chiefly interested in the fur industry, and the large influx of settlers from the eastern United States into the territory now known as the States of Oregon and Washington, about 1840, not only interfered with the fur business but involved the question whether the territory should be under the British or the American flag .
Keywords: Coal, coal mining, Fort Victoria, Hudson Bay, Hudson's Bay Company, Vancouver Coal Company, Development, Fires, Mine, Mines, mining, pillar, Pillars
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