NEW STRUCTURE OF SHAFTS CONSTRUCTED IN ROCK MASS WITH SIGNIFICANTLY STRONG RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
The paper presents a patented and copyright protected concept of constructing a shaft lining that goes through rock masses having strong rheological properties and being susceptible to leaching. In the case of salt layers, especially at significant depths (over 900 m) the relative convergence of the heading contour may amount to 40 ‰/year. That results in the fact that any other method of securing the shaft lining, e.g. by making it flexible, will not be sufficient to ensure the stability of the shaft reinforcement geometry. In the new shaft lining concept the excessive rock creep into the outbreak inside the shaft diameter will be removed by local and controlled leaching of the shaft cheeks by means of fresh water directed through a porous medium at the contact layer behind the watertight tubing lining. The paper presents the structure of such a lining and an outline of the construction technology.
Linings; Lining; Rock; Rocks; Tubing; Shafts; Salt; Salts; Shaft linings; Waters;