APPLICATIONS OF LIQUEFIED GASES FOR MINES AND INTRODUCTION OF A CRYOGENIC VENTILATION CONCEPT
The science of low temperature engineering is well entrenched in mining. Uses for common cryogens, including liquid oxygen (LOX), liquid nitrogen (LN2), and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the gas and minerals industries are reviewed. Potential future applications are discussed within the scope of mining, particularly in refrigeration and ventilation. The second part of this paper focuses on the Linde cycle, which is at the heart of most liquefaction plants. Steady state equations describing the mass and energy flows are presented. The paper concludes by explaining the concept of a wind powered Linde- Hampson cryogenic cycle and assessing, with scoping calculations, the technological feasibility of producing cryogens with an intermittent source of (renewable) energy.
Air; Cryogenics; Oxygen; Process; Processes; Cycles; Plants; Production; Electricity; liquefaction;