A NUMERICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF FACE SUPPORT PRESSURE AND SOIL MATERIAL PROPERTIES ON FACE DEFORMATION AND LINING STRESSES IN EPB SHIELD TUNNELING - A CASE STUDY OF MASHHAD METRO LINE 2

World Mining Congress
In this study the results of a series of numerical simulations which are conducted for one of the tunnels of the Mashhad metro line 2 project are presented to evaluate the role of tunnel face support pressure and soil strength parameters on deformation of tunnel lining and face deformation. To achieve this goal, comparative numerical simulations of a mechanized tunnel advance in soft non- homogeneous soil on top of the ground water table and beneath the building are conducted and sensitivity analysis is performed. Development of a step by step tunnel construction process is modeled using a threedimensional finite difference model (FLAC3D) taking into account all the relevant components of shield tunneling. In order to understand the mechanism of the effects of a variety of support pressures on face deformation and lining stresses, numerical simulations are conducted. It is found that the use of different face supports causes a considerable influence on the forces of tunnel lining. In addition, it is revealed that building weight help to change the stress paths and the stress distributions in the tunnel lining.
Keywords: Tunnels; Pressure; Linings; Lining; Soil; Soils; Support; Supports; stress; Deformations;
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