HYDROTRANSPORTATION SYSTEM OF TAILINGS DAM “BENKOVSKI 2” – NEW TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS TO PROLONG THE OPERATIONAL LIFETIME AND RAISE THE FINAL FILLING CONTOUR OF THE HYDRAULIC STRUCTURE

World Mining Congress
“Ellatzite Med” is one of the biggest mining companies in Bulgaria, processing about 12,000,000 t of ore per year. Waste materials left after extraction of copper concentrate are deposited in tailings dam “Benkovski 2”. The hydraulic structure is built according to the downstream method, through hydrocyclonization where the downstream batter and the body of the wall are formed by the separated coarse sand particles of the separated tailings. In connection with the prolonged concession of Ellatzite Med and the enlarged capacity of Benkovski 2, the tailings dam has expanded on to the surrounding terrain. To guarantee a normal hydrocyclonization and build up of a tailings wall during waste deposition from the ore mill, the technological scheme of the hydraulic transport system of Benkovski 2 has been changed.
Keywords: tailings; Tailings dams; Systems; Pipe; Wastes; Waste; Shafts; Structure; Ore; Ores;
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