REVISED BQ SYSTEM IN CHINA AND ITS CORRELATION TO INTERNATIONAL ROCK MASS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS
The rock mass classification system, BQ (basic quality), is the only national system that is suitable to most kinds of rock engineering in China. It uses two main aspects of the rock mass, the intact uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) and the rock intactness index (KV), to obtain the rock mass BQ. The index KV could be measured by the acoustic wave method. However, because this method is an indirect approach to characterize the rock mass structure, misfits often occur between the test results and the actual rock mass characteristics. Therefore, a new parameter KGSI expressed by the geological strength index is proposed to replace the original KV, and a new method is presented to express the value of BQ as a function of the UCS and the KGSI. Then, the underground excavations at five hydropower stations were chosen as examples to study the relationship between the revised BQ and the each of the international systems (RMR, Q or RMi). In addition, the applicability of the RMR, Q, or RMi system is discussed for China’s rock characteristics and geological conditions, and suggestions are given for improving the revised BQ system.
Rock; Rocks; Systems; Correlation; Engineering; quality; RMR; stress; classification;