World Mining Congress

*W. Abdellah and H. S. Mitri

McGill University

3450University Street

Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 0E8

(*Corresponding author:

D. Thibodeau and L. Moreau-Verlaan

Vale Ltd, Sudbury

Ontario, Canada P0M 1N0

Underground mine developments; such as haulage drifts and cross cuts; play a vital role in providing access to ore extraction areas for mine production. The stability of mine developments is thus of crucial importance during the life of a mine plan. Many Canadian mines use longhole mining methods or one of its variants. These methods require access to the orebody through mine developments such as haulage drifts and cross cuts on multiple levels. This paper examines the stability of mine development access intersections with respect to the planned mining sequence. A case study; the #1 Shear East orebody at Vale’s Garson Mine in Sudbury; Ontario; is presented. A three-dimensional; elastoplastic; finite difference model (FLAC 3D) was created for a development intersection situated 1.5 km below ground surface. The stability; or performance of the intersection; is evaluated in terms of the strength-to-stress ratio. The ratio threshold is set at 1.4 for temporary openings. Unsatisfactory performance is defined as a strength-to-stress ratio less than this threshold value. The performance of the intersection stability is evaluated at various modelled mining stages and the probabilistic method of analysis is then invoked to study the probability of unsatisfactory performance of the intersection. The results are presented and categorized with respect to probability; instability; and mining stage.
Keywords: mining; analysis; Performance; Probability; Mine developments; Mine development; stress; Rockmass;
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