Perspective from financial institutions
•Current trends and products in the environmental insurance and alternative risk transfer markets;
•Criteria for underwriting innovative liability transfer agreements;
•Tools for valuing reclamation liabilities. Improvements required to enhance the risk profile and obtain/maintain interest and support from financial institutions;
•Risk financing and funded closure programs – the potential for improving project financing terms and the cost of capital;
•Building government/private sector partnerships to rehabilitate and redevelop abandoned/orphaned sites.