As Distinguished Lecturer Carlos Díaz will present:
The Evolution of Copper Smelting Practices in the Last Four Decades
The lecture will provide a retrospective look at the dramatic changes that have taken place in copper smelting in the last three decades. Topics include: the development of autogenous, increasingly more intensive, environmentally sound and energy-efficient smelting processes; significant improvements in Peirce-Smith converting practices and, at the same time, the commercialization of alternative continuous converting routes; the consequent expansion and modernization of smelters; the increasing compliance with strict government environment regulations in most copper-producing regions of the world; the realignment of the copper smelting industry throughout the world; and trends in copper smelting R&D. The lecture concludes with a look at the future advancement of copper smelting technology.